Monday, 23 February 2015

RTU B.Tech 4th semester Computer science Syllabus (Common to IT also)

Computer Science 4th semester syllabus

Detailed Syllabus as follows:

4CS1 MICROPROCESSOR AND INTERFACES (Common to Comp. Engg. & Info. Tech)
Unit 1- 
Introduction to Microprocessors, microcontroller; 8085 Microprocessor Architecture, pin description, Bus concept and organization; concept of multiplexing and demultiplexing of buses; concept of static and dynamic RAM, type of ROM, memory map. 
Unit 2-
Software architecture registers and signals, Classification of instruction, Instruction set, addressing modes, Assembly Language Programming and Debugging, Programming Technique, instruction Format and timing.  
Unit 3-
Advance Assembly Language Programming, Counter and time delay; types of Interrupt and their uses, RST instructions and their uses, 8259 programmable interrupt controller; Macros, subroutine; Stack- implementation and uses with examples; Memory interfacing.
Unit 4-  
8085 Microprocessor interfacing:, 8255 Programmable Peripheral Interface, 8254 programmable interval timer, interfacing of Input/output device, 8279 Key board/Display interface.
Unit 5- 
Microprocessor Application: Interfacing scanned multiplexed display and liquid crystal display, Interfacing and Matrix Keyboard, MPU Design; USART 8251, RS232C and RS422A, Parallel interface- Centronics and IEEE 488 .

4CS2 PRINCIPLES OF PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES (Common to Comp. Engg. & Info. Tech)   
Unit 1-
Programming Language: Definition, History, Features. Issues in Language Design: Structure and Operation of computer, Programming Paradigms. Efficiency, Regularity. Issues in Language Translation: Syntax and Semantics.
Unit 2- 
Specifications and Implementation of Elementary and Structured Data Types. Type equivalence, checking and conversion. Vectors and Arrays, Lists, Structures, Sets, Files.
Unit 3-  
Sequence control with Expressions, Conditional Statements, Loops, Exception handling. Subprogram definition and activation, simple and recursive subprogram, subprogram environment.
Unit 4- 
Scope – Static and Dynamic, Block structures, Local Data and Shared Data, Parameters and Parameter Transmission. Local and Common Environments, Tasks and Shared Data.
Unit 5-
Abstract Data type, information hiding, encapsulation, type definition. Static and Stack-Based Storage management. Fixed and Variable size heap storage management, Garbage Collection.

4CS3 DISCRETE MATHEMATICAL STRUCTURES (Common to Comp. Engg. & Info. Tech) 
Unit 1-
Language of Logic: Proposition, Compound Proposition, Conjunction, Disjunction, Implication, Converse, Inverse & Contrpositive, Biconditional Statements, tautology, Contradiction & Contingency, Logical Equivalences, Quantifiers, Arguments.
Unit 2- 
Proof Methods: Vacuous, Trivial, Direct, Indirect by Contrapositive and Contradiction, Constructive & Non-constructive proof, Counterexample. The Division Algorithm, Divisibilty Properties (Prime Numbers & Composite Numbers), Principle of Mathematical Induction, The Second Principle of Mathematical Induction, Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic. Algorithm Correctness: Partial Correctness, Loop Invariant. Testing the partial correctness of linear & binary search, bubble & selection sorting.
Unit 3-  
Graph Theory: Graphs – Directed, Undirected, Simple,. Adjacency & Incidence, Degre of Vertex, Subgraph, Complete graph, Cycle & Wheel Graph, Bipartite & Complete Bipartite Graph, Weighed Graph, Union of Simple Graphs. Complete Graphs. Isomorphic Graphs, Path, Cycles & Circuits Euclerian & Hamiltonian Graphs. Planar Graph: Kuratowski’s Two Graphs, Euler’s Formula, Kuratowski’s Theorem. Trees: Spanning trees- Kruskal’s Algo, Finding Spanning Tree using Depth First Search, Breadth First Search, Complexity of Graph, Minimal Spanning Tree.
Unit 4-  
Sets: Definition and types, Set operations, Partition of set, Cardinality (InclusionExclusion & Addition Principles), Recursive definition of set. Functions: Concept, Some Special Functions (Polynomial, Exponential & Logarithmic, Abslute Value, Floor & Ceiling, Mod & Div Functions), Properties of Functions, Cardinality of Infinite Set, Countable & Uncountable Sets, The Pigeonhole & Generalized Pigeonhole Principles, Composition of Functions.
Unit 5-  
Relations: Boolean Matrices, Binary Relation, Adjacency Matrix of Relation, Properties of Relations, Operations on Relations, The Connectivity Relations, Transitive Closure-Warshall’s Algorithm, Equivalence relations- Congruence Relations, Equivalence Class, Number of Partitions of a Finite Set, Partial & Total Orderings.

4CS4 STATISTICS & PROBABILITY THEORY (Common to Comp. Engg. & Info. Tech) 
Unit 1-
Introduction & Discrete random variables Sample space, events, algebra of events, Bernoulli’s trials, Probability & Baye’s theorem. Random variable & their event space, probability generating function, expectations, moments, computations of mean time to failure, Bernoulli & Poisson processes.
Unit 2- 
Discrete & continuous distributions Probability distribution & probability densities: Binomial, Poisson, normal rectangular and exponential distribution & their PDF’s, moments and MGF’s for above distributions.
Unit 3-  
Correlation & Regression Correlation & regression: Linear regression, Rank correlation, Method of least squares Fitting of straight lines & second degree parabola. Normal regression and correlation analysis.
Unit 4- 
Queuing Theory Pure birth, pure death and birth-death processes. Mathematical models for M/M/1, M/M/N, M/M/S and M/M/S/N queues.
Unit 5-  
Discrete Parameter mark on chains: M/G/1 Queuing model, Discrete parameter birth-death process.

4CS5 SOFTWARE ENGINEERING (Common to Comp. Engg. & Info. Tech) 
Unit 1-
System Analysis: Characteristics, Problems in system Development, System Level project Planning, System Development Life cycle (SDLC), computer system engineering & system analysis, modeling the architecture, system specification.
Unit 2-
Software & its characteristics: Software Development, Process Model, Prescriptive model, The water fall model, Incremental Process Modes, Evolutionary process model, specialized process model.
Unit 3-
Requirement Analysis: Requirement analysis tasks, Analysis principles, Software prototyping and specification data dictionary finite state machine (FSM) models. Structured Analysis: Data and control flow diagrams, control and process specification behavioral modeling, extension for data intensive applications.
Unit 4-  
Software Design: Design fundamentals, Effective modular design: Data architectural and procedural design, design documentation, coding – Programming style, Program quality, quantifying program quality, complete programming example
Unit 5-  
Object Oriented Analysis: Object oriented Analysis Modeling, Data modeling Object Oriented Design: OOD concepts and methods class and object definitions, refining operations, Class and object relationships, object modularization, Introduction to Unified Modeling Language

4CS6.1 ANALOG & DIGITAL COMMUNICATION (Common to Comp. Engg. & Info. Tech)
Unit 1-
AMPLITUDE MODULATION: Frequency translation, Recovery of base band signal, Spectrum & power relations in AM systems. Methods of generation & demodulation of AM-DSB, AM-DSB/SC and AM-SSB signals. Modulation & detector circuits for AM systems. AM transmitters & receivers.
Unit 2-
FREQUENCY MODULATION : Phase & freq. modulation & their relationship, Spectrum & band width of a sinusoidally modulated FM signal, phasor diagram, Narrow band & wide band FM. Generation & demodulation of FM signals. FM transmitters & receivers. Comparison of AM, FM & PM. Pre emphasis & deemphasis. Threshold in FM, PLL demodulator.
Unit 3-
PCM & DELTA MODULATION SYSTEMS : Uniform and Non-uniform quantization. PCM and delta modulation, Signal to quantization noise ratio in PCM and delta modulation. DPCM, ADM, T1 Carrier System, Matched filter detection. Error probability in PCM system.
Unit 4-
BASE BAND TRANSMISSION: Line coding(RZ,NRZ): Polar, Bipolar, Manchester, AMI. Inter symbol interference, Pulse shaping, Nyquist criterion, Raised cosine spectrum. PULSE ANALOG MODULATION: Practical aspects of sampling: Natural and flat top sampling. PAM, PWM, PPM modulation and demodulation methods, PAMTDM.
Unit 5-
DIGITAL MODULATION TECHNIQUES : Geometric interpretation of signals, Orthogonalization. ASK, BPSK, BFSK, QPSK, MSK modulation techniques and Coherent detection of these techniques. Calculation of error probabilities.

4CS6.2 LINEAR INTEGRATED CIRCUITS (Common to Comp. Engg. & Info. Tech)   
Unit 1-
OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIERS: Basic differential amplifier analysis, Single ended and double ended configurations ,Op-amp configurations with feedback, Op-amp parameters, Inverting and Non- Inverting configuration, Comparators, Adder.
Unit 2-  
OPERATIONAL AMPLIFIER APPLICATIONS: Integrator, Differentiator, Voltage to frequency & Frequency to voltage converters. Oscillators: Phase shift, Wien bridge, Quadrature, square wave, triangular wave, sawtooth oscillators. Voltage controlled oscillators.
Unit 3-
ACTIVE FILTERS: Low pass, high pass, band pass and band reject filters,All pass filter, Switched capacitor filter, Butterworth filter design, Chebyshev Filter design.
Unit 4-
PHASE-LOCKED LOOPS: Operating Principles of PLL, Linear Model of PLL, Lock range, Capture range, Applications of PLL as FM detector, FSK demodulator, AM detector, frequency translator, phase shifter, tracking filter, signal synchronizer and frequency synthesizer, Building blocks of PLL, LM 565 PLL.
Unit 5-  
LINEAR IC’s: Four quadrant multiplier & its applications, Basic blocks of linear IC voltage regulators, Three terminal voltage regulators, Positive and negative voltage regulators. The 555 timer as astable and monostable multivibrators. Zero crossing detector, Schmitt trigger.

4CS6.3 LOGIC AND FUNCTIONAL PROGRAMMING (Common to Comp. Engg. & Info. Tech) 
Unit 1-
PROPOSITIONS AND PREDICATES: Evaluation of constant propositions, Evaluation of proposition in a state. Precedence rules for operators, Tautologies, Propositions a sets of states and Transforming English to propositional form. Introduction to first-order predicate logic, Quantifiers and Reasoning. 
Unit 2-  
LOGIC PROGRAMMING USING PROLOG: Constants, Goals and Clauses, Facts, Rules, Semantics, Rules and Conjunction, Rules and Disjunction, Search strategy, Queries.
Unit 3-  
ADVANCED LOGIC PROGRAMMING USING PROLOG: - Unification, Recursion, Lists, Cut operator, and Sorting. Data structures, Text strings, Searching state space, Operators and their precedence, and Parsing in Prolog.
Unit 4- 
FUNCTIONAL PROGRAMMING: Introduction to lambda calculus-Syntax and semantics, Computability and correctness, Lazy and Eager Evaluation Strategies, comparison of functional and imperative languages.
Unit 5-
FUNCTIONAL PROGRAMMING USING HASKELL: Introduction, lists, Userdefined data types, type classes, and arrays in Haskell. Input/Ouput in Haskell - type classes IO and Monad, Simple applications/programs in Haskell.

4CS7 MICROPROCESSOR LAB (Common to Comp. Engg. & Info. Tech)  
  1. Add the contents of memory locations XX00 &XX01 & place the result in memory location XX02. 
  2. Add the 16 bit numbers stored in memory location & store the result in another memory location. 
  3. Transfer a block of data from memory location XX00 to another memory location XX00 in forward & reverse order.
  4. Write a program to Swap two blocks of data stored in memory. 
  5. Write a program to find the square of a number. 
  6. Write a main program & a conversion subroutine to convert Binary to its equivalent BCD.
  7. Write a program to find largest & smallest number from a given array.
  8. Write a program to Sort an array in ascending & descending order.  
  9. Write a program to multiply two 8 bit numbers whose result is 16 bit.
  10. Write a program of division of two 8 bit numbers.
  11. Generate square wave from SOD pin of 8085 & observe on CRO.
  12. Write a program to perform traffic light control operation.
  13. Write a program to control the speed of a motor. 
 4CS8 COMMUNICATION LAB (Common to Comp. Engg. & Info. Tech)
  1. Harmonic analysis of a square wave of modulated waveform Observe the amplitude modulated waveform and measures modulation index. Demodulation of the AM signal 
  2. To modulate a high frequency carrier with sinusoidal signal to obtain FM signal. Demodulation of the FM signal
  3. To observe the following on a transmission line demonstrator kit : i. The propagation of pulse in non-reflecting Transmission line. ii. The effect of losses in Transmission line. iii. The resonance characteristics of al half wavelength long x-mission line.
  4. To study and observe the operation of a super heterodyne receiver
  5. To modulate a pulse carrier with sinusoidal signal to obtain PWM signal and demodulate it.
  6. To modulate a pulse carrier with sinusoidal signal to obtain PPM signal and demodulate it
  7. To observe pulse amplitude modulated waveform and its demodulation.
  8. To observe the operation of a PCM encoder and decoder. To consider reason for using digital signal x-missions of analog signals. 
  9. Produce ASK signals, with and without carrier suppression. Examine the different processes required for demodulation in the two cases 
  10. To observe the FSK wave forms and demodulate the FSK signals based on the properties of (a) tuned circuits (b) on PI.L. 
  11. To study & observe the amplitude response of automatic gain controller (AGC ). 
4CS9 ADVANCE OBJECT ORIENTED PROGRAMMING. (Common to Comp. Engg. & Info. Tech)    
  1. Write a C++ Object Oriented Code for Huffman Coding & Decoding. The code must have implementation of Binary tree, binary Search, Scanning of Input Stream, Generation of Code. The input Stream and codes may be stored in files.
  2. Write a C++ Object Oriented Code for representing a graph using adjacency list. Perform depth first and breadth first search starting from any node. Also find the shortest path between single sources all destinations. Also carry out topological sorting. 
  3. Create a C++ template for matrix. Include procedures for multiplication of 2 matrices. Use the same class for multiplication of more than two matrices. 
  4. Create a C++ class for implementation of AVL tree to store a symbol table. 
  5. Create a new string class say NewString. Define functions as defined in the system string class.  
4CS10 COMPUTER AIDED SOFTWARE ENGINEERING LAB (Common to Comp. Engg. & Info. Tech)   
  1. Course Registration System
  2. Quiz System
  3. Online ticket reservation system 
  4. Remote computer monitoring
  5. Students marks analyzing system
  6. Expert system to prescribe the medicines for the given symptoms 
  7. Platform assignment system for the trains in a railway station 
  8. Stock maintenance 
  9. Student Marks Analyzing System 
  10. Online Ticket Reservation System 
  11. Payroll System 
  12. Export System 
1. Form of Government: Democracy, Dictatorship 
2. India: Brief history of Indian Constitution, History of Indian National Movement, After Independence, Socio-economic growth. 
3. Society: Social groups-concept and types socialization: concept and types, theory social control :concept and types means. Social problem: concept and types. 
4. The Fundamentals of Economics: The logic of economics fundamentals definitions of economics, basic terminology. 
5. Micro Economics: Consumer's behavior, utility, demand, supply, elasticity of demand and supply. Theory of production, production function, factors of production. 
6. Macro Economics: National income, business cycles, aggregate term, inflation, economic growth, international Trade, exchange rates. 
7. Indian Economy: Basic features, infrastructure, occupation, natural and human resources, unemployment (Industrial Sector, India and Globalization). 

Friday, 6 February 2015




"Studies", most irritating word for for a child fond of playing, eating, sports, and other activities.

So, the question comes, What really "study" mean???

Most of the students settle down for studies, and don't even know what to do? how to do???
For many students study means to abandon their interesting activities for a time and open the book and start studying it...
Well, does it really mean this??

If we go on the technical meaning of "Study", it is:
"The devotion of time and attention to gain knowledge of an academic subject, especially by means of book."
a detailed investigation and analysis of a subject or situation"

Well, it's quite awkward and hard to understand and follow these terms,(especially for a student)
In this article I'm talking about average and below average students, not at all about above average students,(they are totally out of mind)

I think "studies" are the heaviest burden a child would have ever bared if he/she don't know how to handle it.
Most of the people suggest to make a perfect time table of your daily routine and follow it.
People also suggest, "early to bed and early to rise" makes your mind fresh and fit for study.

But.. my point of view is totally different from it.
ask yourself some questions:
Do you have control on your dreams?
Do you every time know what will be your future if you take this step?
Do you know what sort of mood the examiner will have while checking your papers?
I think anyone hardly knows this.
Then why put boundaries on our study time.
  • there should be no time limit on studies
  • there should not be any fixed time for studies,one should when he/she wants.
  • the philosophy of early to bed and early to rise don't fits to today's world
  • Start studying whenever your minds wishes to do it whether it's 2:30 am. 

Tuesday, 3 February 2015

Full form of brand names ...


Brand names and their full form

  • ASUS- Is does have any full form but originated from Greek word Pegasus
  • ADIDAS-All day I dream about sports.
  • NIKE-it is Greek word to refers to goddess of victory. Northern Island Kingdom emirates
  • HP-Hewlett-Packard
  • HCL-Hindustan Computers Limited
  • MTS-Mobile Tele Systems
  • FILA-Finally I left ADIDAS
  • LG-Life's Good
  • KFC-Kentucky Fried Chicken
  • ICICI-Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation of India
  • BMW-Bayerische Motoren Werke
  • YAHOO-Yet another hierarchical officious Oracle
  • IBM-International Business machines Corporation
  • AMUL- Anand Milk Union Limited
  • HTC-High Tech Computer
  • AT&T-American telephone and telegraph Company
  • L&T-Larsen & Toubro
  • WIPRO-Western India Product Limited
  • INTEL-Integrated Electronics
  • INFOSYS-Information systems
  • AMD-Advanced Micro Devices
  • HMT-Hindustan Machine Tools
  • IMDB-Internet Movie Data Base
  • TCS-TATA consultancy Services
  • COMPAQ-Compatibility and Quality
  • FIAT-Fabbrica Italiana Automibili Torino
  • EA-Electronic Arts
  • Accenture-Accent on the future
  • MRF-Madras Rubber factory
  • NDTV-New Delhi Television
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